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Arabic Translation of Commonly Used Medical Terms

Medical science is divided into numerous fields or specializations. A professional medical translator will not just have strong knowledge of languages, but of that specific medical field and the related terminologies as well.

With millions of native speakers, Arabic is regarded as the lingua franca of the Arab world and is also the liturgical language of Islam. It belongs to the Central Semitic family of languages. Other languages belonging to the Central Semitic family of languages are Aramaic, Ugaritic, and the Canaanite languages of Hebrew and Phoenician. Due to extensive influence of Arabic in the fields of science, mathematics and philosophy during the Middle Ages, it left a great impact over many European languages. As a result languages such as Spanish borrowed a great deal of words from the Arabic language. Other languages influenced by Arabic are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Maltese, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi and Hausa and some languages in parts of Africa.

Below are Arabic translation of common terms used in medical documents:

Medical & Pharmaceutical Industries
Arabic Language English Language
aS-SiHHa Health
SudaaA headache
kuHHa cough
rabw asthma
julTa stroke
daa’ as-sukkaree diabetes
SaraA epilepsy
DaghT dam blood pressure
alam bil-baTn stomach ache
Aadwaa infection
Hassaaseeya allergy
nawba qalbeeya heart attack
Tabeeb doctor
vayroos virus
SudaaA niSfee migraine
mareeD patient
jihaaz qiyaas DaghT ad-dam blood pressure gauge
tirmometr thermometer
sammaaAa stethoscope
wishaaH taAleeq sling
sinaad raqaba neck brace
malkh sprain
kasr fracture
kadma bruise
nazeef hemorrhage
tasammum poisoning
Sadma kahrabaa’eeya electric shock
Halla Taari’a emergency
iSaaba bir-ra’s head injury
muTahhir antiseptic
shaash gauze
taDmeed al-jurH dressing
al-mustashfa hospital
Tabeeb takhdeer anesthetist
faHS ad-dam blood test
kursee bi-Aajal wheelchair
Aamaleeya operation
waHdat ar-riAaaya al-murakkaza intensive care unit
Aanbar al-wilaada maternity ward
udhun wa-anf wa-Hanjara ear, nose and throat (ENT)
al-qalb wal-awAiya ad-damaweeya cardiology
al-AiZaam orthopedics
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