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Spanish Translation of Commonly Used Medical Terms

Medical science is divided into numerous fields or specializations. A professional medical translator will not just have strong knowledge of languages, but of that specific medical field and the related terminologies as well.

Spanish along with Portuguese, Catalan and Galician, belong to Iberian Romance family of languages. The common feature which all these languages share is that they were developed on the Iberian Peninsula. Spanish is a widely spoken language and is the second most spoken native language of the world. Latin is a large contributor of modern Spanish vocabulary. Other languages that too have contributed to the Spanish vocabulary are French, Italian, Occitan and Sardinian. Spanish is also commonly known as Espanol and Castellano.

Below are Spanish translation of common terms used in medical documents:

Body parts
English Language Spanish Language
male el hombre
female la mujer
neck el cuello
chest el pecho
abdomen el abdomen
hip la cadera
head la cabeza
waist la cintura
navel el ombligo
forearm el antebrazo
thigh el muslo
knee la rodilla
leg la pierna
foot el pie
nape la nuca
back la espalda
shoulder el hombro
arm el brazo
armpit la axila
elbow el codo
wrist la muneca
buttock la nalga
hand la mano
calf la pantorrilla
ankle el tobillo
heel el talon

 

Internal organs
English Language Spanish Language
thyroid gland la glandula del tiroides
windpipe la traquea
lung el pulmon
heart el corazon
stomach el estomago
spleen el bazo
liver el higado
duodenum el duodeno
kidney el rinon
pancreas el pancreas
small intestine el intestino delgado
large intestine el intestino grueso
appendix el apendice
sinus el seno
palate el paladar
tongue la lengua
larynx la laringe
Adam’s apple la manzana de Adam
vocal cords las cuerdas vocales
brain el cerebro
pharynx la faringe
epiglottis la epiglotis
esophagus el esofago
throat la garganta

 

Body systems
English Language Spanish Language
diaphragm el diafragma
respiratory respiratorio
digestive digestivo
vein la vena
lymphatic linfatico
urinary urinario
artery la arteria
endocrine endocrino
nerve el nervio
nervous nervioso
cardiovascular cardiovascular
gland la glandula
reproductive reproductor
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